The standard variety of six Worldwide House Station astronauts has elevated by 50% lately, making issues a bit extra crowded. The 9 astronauts come from 4 separate house companies and, for the primary time, an United Arab Emirates (UAE) astronaut is aboard the ISS.
The ISS is a multicultural place. Astronauts from around the globe serve on the station to advance the scientific targets of humanity and to forge cooperative ties among the many totally different peoples of the Earth. It's a bit like Star Trek, however in house.
On Friday, three new crew members arrived aboard the ISS: Jessica Meir from NASA, Oleg Skripochka from Russia and Hazza Al Mansouri from the United Arab Emirates. Presently, the station has astronauts from 4 totally different nations and, within the historical past of the ISS, 239 astronauts from 19 totally different nations labored on the station.
Luca Parmitano is an ESA astronaut (and the very first DJ of house!). He’ll take command of the ISS immediately, Oct. 2, when the earlier commander, Russian cosmonaut Alexei Ovchinin, will return to Earth. Parmitano can also be chargeable for the group picture of the 9 astronauts within the ISS meals preparation space.
Celebrando three compleanni in a settimana, with the maglie della nostra "house group": Kryk Chayky & # 39; – Lo strillo del gabbiano & # 39 ;.
Celebrations of three birthdays in per week (Me + @ AstroHague & Alexey), carrying the t-shirts of our house group: "Kryk Chayky" – "The cry of the seagull". pic.twitter.com/HtcS9jdlcZ
– Luca Parmitano (@astro_luca) September 30, 2019
The "House Band" of which Parmitano speaks is a part of the crew's efforts to face the truth of the life aboard a ship on the ISS shut. It’s a annoying setting, with disturbed day / night time cycles, the isolation of family members on Earth and unusual noises. The background noise within the Columbus module, which is a scientific lab, can attain 55 decibels. As ESA astronauts clarify on this podcast, this isn’t sufficient to trigger listening to injury, however it may be very irritating to the nerves.
"Seagull Scream" is among the issues the crew does to attempt to handle their time on the ISS collectively. Nothing but signifies what this music will appear to be, however in keeping with a press launch, the primary album ought to come out "within the mild 12 months".
A number of issues are taking place aboard the ISS. When Parmitano takes command, it will mark the start of Expedition 61. A number of scientific experiments in addition to necessary upkeep work are wanted.
The lack of bone density is a recurring scientific theme on the ISS. Astronauts expertise a lack of bone density of about 1% when they’re in house, which roughly corresponds to what folks with osteoporosis lose. Muscle loss can also be an issue. Analysis is underway on these points, and through Mission 61, astronauts are contributing to a examine on using particular high-protein diets to stop muscle and bone loss. Scientists hope that this analysis may also contribute to early detection and understanding of osteoporosis.
One other science contains the gripping expertise, which makes an attempt to know how microgravity impacts individuals who seize and manipulate objects. There’s additionally the Time Experiment, which makes an attempt to know how astronauts' notion of time evolves in house, and the Matiss-2 Experiment, which collects samples of micro organism and analyzes their interplay with antibacterial supplies and cleansing merchandise.
The Matiss-2 experiment on the ISS. The samplers are within the open air and accumulate micro organism on totally different surfaces to find out which of them are hospitable and inhospitable to the micro organism. Picture credit score: ESA / NASA
Then comes the half the place the astronauts have to scrub every little thing up. Saturday is the cleansing day, when everyone seems to be concerned in cleansing up the station, together with rubbish assortment, which might solely be returned to Earth by a spacecraft each few months. There’s not loads of glory in there, but it surely's important.
There are lots of specialised gear on the ISS that have to be clear and sterile to supply helpful scientific outcomes. Biolab treats microorganisms, cells, tissue cultures, crops and small invertebrates. Cleanliness is significant for Biolab.
On October three, three of the 9 ISS astronauts return to Earth aboard a Soyuz MS-12 spacecraft. Nick Hague, Alexei Ovchinin and Hazzaa Ali Almansoori (after a quick eight-day mission within the ISS) will land on Earth at 7:00 am in Kazakhstan. Their return marks the tip of Expedition 60.